The Cardinal: A clerical red bird

The Cardinal, family Cardinalidae, are passerine birds. Other names are cardinal grosbeaks and cardinal-bunting. The North American Cardinal type species was named by early colonists for the male‘s red body and crest, reminding of a Catholic cardinal‘s cassock and biretta.

Did you know?

Only few North American female songbirds sing, but the female of the Northern Cardinal does. It does so as well while sitting on the nest. This may be a signal to the male about when to bring food to the nest. Mated pairs share song phrases, though the females tend to sing a longer and slightly more complex song than the male.

The oldest recorded Northern Cardinal was 15 years, she was found in Pennsylvania.