The Cardinal, family Cardinalidae, are passerine birds. Other names are cardinal grosbeaks and cardinal-bunting. The North American Cardinal type species was named by early colonists for the male‘s red body and crest, reminding of a Catholic cardinal‘s cassock and biretta.
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Only few North American female songbirds sing, but the female of the Northern Cardinal does. It does so as well while sitting on the nest. This may be a signal to the male about when to bring food to the nest. Mated pairs share song phrases, though the females tend to sing a longer and slightly more complex song than the male.
The oldest recorded Northern Cardinal was 15 years, she was found in Pennsylvania.